Helping Noncustodial Parents Support Their Children: Early Implementation Findings from the Child Support Noncustodial Parent Employment Demonstration (CSPED) Evaluation | September 2015 (PDF)
Early Implementation Findings from Responsible Fatherhood Reentry Projects | January 2015 (PDF)
Family Strengthening Research: FY 2014 This report provides detailed summaries of major research investments by OPRE’s Division of Family Strengthening (DFS) along with brief overviews of past projects. (PDF)
These videos highlight promising measures created by the FRPN for use in programs that work with fathers. 
  • Exploring Fatherhood and the Transition to Adulthood for Low-Income Men and Youth

Evidence from the Building Strong Families Evaluation: Limited Father Involvement: Which Families Are Most at Risk?
Using data from the Building Strong Families (BSF) evaluation, Mathematica's family support experts analyzed which families enrolling in a set of healthy marriage relationship skills education programs were at greatest risk of having fathers with very limited involvement with their children within a few years after program entry.

Child Trends: Fathers Research Page
Child Trends has worked collaboratively to summarize the research literature about fathers and to develop better data resources about men. This work has focused both on becoming a father and on being a father. Includes Charting Parenthood: A Statistical Portrait of Fathers and Mothers in America.

The Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project
The Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project has been conducting research relating to the role low-income fathers play in the lives of their infants and toddlers, in their families, and in the Early Head Start programs in which they participate. The Early Head Start father studies are among the first to investigate the involvement of low-income fathers in children's lives, together with mother involvement, in the context of both an intervention program for infants and toddlers and a longitudinal study. The Early Head Start father studies focus on biological fathers and father figures (sometimes referred to as "social fathers").

The goals of the FRPN are to:
  1. Promote rigorous evaluation of fatherhood programs that serve low-income fathers. FRPN will fund the evaluation of programs that aim to increase paternal engagement and parenting skills; improve fathers’ ability to provide economic support; and increase parenting time, father-child contact, positive co-parenting and healthy relationships.
  2. Expand the number of researchers and practitioners collaborating to evaluate fatherhood programs through in-person and virtual trainings.
  3. Disseminate information, including new evaluation findings, that leads to effective fatherhood practice and evaluation research

Fathers' Involvement in Children's Learning (PDF File)
All fathers can play a critical role in their children’s education. Research shows that when fathers are involved, their children learn more, perform better in school, and exhibit healthier behavior. Seeking to assess the level of father involvement in a child’s education, the National Center for Fathering conducted a national random sample in October 1999 and May 2009.

Fathers' involvement and children's developmental outcomes: a systematic review of longitudinal studies (PDF File)
This systematic review aims to describe longitudinal evidence on the effects of father involvement on children’s developmental outcomes.
Foundation Acta Pædiatrica/Acta Pædiatrica 2008 97, pp. 153–158
Fragile Families Study and Child Well-Being Study
The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study is following a cohort of nearly 5,000 children born in large U.S. cities between 1998 and 2000 (roughly three-quarters of whom were born to unmarried parents). The study refers to unmarried parents and their children as “fragile families” to underscore that they are families and that they are at greater risk of breaking up and living in poverty than more traditional families.

The Study was designed to primarily address four questions of great interest to researchers and policy makers: (1) What are the conditions and capabilities of unmarried parents, especially fathers?; (2) What is the nature of the relationships between unmarried parents?; (3) How do children born into these families fare?; and (4) How do policies and environmental conditions affect families and children?

Healthy Marriage and Family Formation Training Project
This federally-funded training project at the University of Denver enhances the capacity of child welfare professionals and community service providers to address healthy marriage and family formation issues as a way of improving safety, permanency and well-being outcomes for children and families in Colorado, Wyoming and Kansas. The project is also working to identify and promote systemic responses to barriers that might prevent implementation of the project principles.

The purpose of the federal initiative is to support healthy marriages for those who choose marriage for themselves. The primary way this is accomplished is by providing individuals and couples with the skills and knowledge they need to form and sustain a healthy marriage. The project recognizes that child well-being is improved when children are raised in a stable and healthy family environment.

The New Dad
Boston College Center for Work & Family’s work and research on the changing role of fathers.

Noncustodial Parents: Summaries of Research, Grants and Practices, August 2009 (PDF File)
Much of the success of the Federal child support program is contingent upon the ability or willingness of  noncustodial parents (NCPs) to provide financial support for their children. As a result, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) has an established track record of supporting demonstration and research projects focused on testing innovative program practices that enable NCPs to assume personal responsibility (financial and emotional) for their children. The purpose of this report is three-fold: 1) to disseminate information to the child support program and research community-at-large regarding State or local experiences in working with NCPs; 2) to share information on successes or lessons learned resulting from implementing these program interventions; and 3) to provide potential or future OCSE grantees with a baseline of information regarding projects that have been funded to date.

The National Quality Improvement Center on Non-Resident Fathers and the Child Welfare System (QIC NRF)
This project is a collaborative effort between the American Humane Association, the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law and National Fatherhood Initiative and funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau.

  • The focus of the project is a result of the federal Child and Family Services Reviews and the “What About the Dads?” report, which indicated that there is very little meaningful engagement occurring between the child welfare system and fathers. The QIC NRF promotes the importance of gaining more knowledge regarding the engagement of non-resident fathers and their children who are involved in the child welfare system. Also see the report: More about the Dads: Exploring Associations between Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Welfare Case Outcomes. (PDF File)
  • The purpose of the project is to determine, through a research design, the impact of non-resident father involvement on child welfare outcomes. Child welfare outcomes include child safety, permanence, and well-being. Included in the design is the examination of the relationship between children, non-resident fathers, and/or paternal relatives. Throughout the project, information gained from the QIC NRF has been disseminated through the QIC NRF website to the Children’s Bureau, sub-grantees, child welfare agencies, private service providers, the courts, legal systems and other stakeholders.
  • The Center on Fathering, a Colorado Promoting Responsible Fatherhood Initiative community access funded program, was one of four programs nationwide selected to participate in this research project. For more information on the COF, please click here.

Strengthening Families Evidence Review
Strategies to strengthen families, including those that encourage fathers’ involvement in their children’s lives and support couples’ relationships, are of increasing interest to a wide audience. To provide information to those interested in supporting and operating family-strengthening programs, the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation of the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to conduct a systematic review of research on programs serving low-income fathers or couples. The project team included researchers, experts in the field, and practitioners. The Strengthening Families Evidence Review (SFER) targeted studies with a range of designs, including those that assess program effectiveness and those that focus on program implementation only. Family Strengthening Research: FY 2013

The Supporting Father Involvement Project, a clinical and research intervention by the team of Dr. Philip A. Cowan, Dr. Carolyn Pape Cowan, Dr. Marsha Kline Pruett, and Kyle D. Pruett, MD. A statewide dissemination effort of SFI in California is being conducted with the support of Strategies, and an international replication is underway in Alberta, Canada.

The Transition to Fatherhood Project
The program project grant on the Transition to Fatherhood Project consists of a multi-disciplinary team of research collaborators who meet on a regular basis to plan and conduct coordinated analyses on topics relating to the transition to fatherhood using multiple data sets. The four projects included in this grant address the following, related issues:

  • What are the economic, policy, psychological and sociological factors that influence the timing of biological fatherhood and the circumstances under which fatherhood occurs?
  • What is the role of men in the timing and circumstances of sexual initiation, contraceptive use, pregnancy and childbearing?
  • What is the relationship between the transition to biological fatherhood and other transitions to adulthood, such as marriage, educational completion and entry into the workforce?
  • What are the determinants of responsible fathering and, in particular, what is the role of family process within and across generations?
  • What are the social, economic, policy, relationship and individual factors associated with men having additional births after they have already become fathers and what factors lead men to have additional births with more than one partner?